Photo library: Infrastructure 15

first_imgClick on a thumbnail for a low-resolution image, or right-click on the link below it to download a high-resolution copy of the image.» Download Infrastructure contact sheet (1.1MB) » Download full image library contact sheet (10.5MB) Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal: A ship docked at the harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal: Coal export harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: Steel exports at the harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: Huge piles of wood chips for export at the harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: Dolosse, irregularly shaped concrete blocks invented in South Africa, help protect the sea wall at the harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: The harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: The harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: The harbour. » Download high-res image Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province: The harbour. » Download high-res image INFRASTRUCTURE 15: {loadposition infrastructure}Having trouble downloading high-resolution images? Queries about the image library? Email Mary Alexander at [email protected]last_img read more

The 2016 #FLSA Overtime Changes: What #HR Needs to Know

first_imgOriginally posted on HR Bartender blog. I’m not going to write a big long explanation for this post. If you’re in the HR world, you know that the much-awaited final ruling came from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) about changes to the overtime rule in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA.) Last summer, I spoke with Jonathan Segal, a partner with the law firm Duane Morris LLP regarding the proposed overtime rule changes to the minimum weekly salary requirement and the primary duty test. When I read that the final rules were released, I asked Jonathan if he would give us the scoop. And he very graciously said yes.I cannot begin to tell you how thankful I am that Jonathan dropped everything to share his initial thoughts with us. He does have a full-time job that keeps him very busy. Please remember that his comments should not be construed as legal advice or as pertaining to any specific factual situations. If you have detailed questions, you should address them directly with your friendly neighborhood labor attorney.The U.S. Department of Labor final rule regarding overtime came out last week. What are the key provisions of the new rule?[Segal] Initially, the DOL proposed effectively $970 per week. In the final rule, the DOL made the weekly minimum salary ‘only’ $913. Even with the reduction from the initial proposal, this is still more than double what the minimum salary currently is under the 2004 regulations.There is one bit of good news for employers. That is, unlike before, employers now can include certain non-discretionary compensation toward the minimum salary. Specifically, employers can include non-discretionary bonuses, incentive payments and commissions to satisfy up to 10 percent (10%) of the minimum weekly salary.Also, the DOL had proposed increasing the minimum salary each year. Instead, the DOL, when it finalized the regulations, has mandated increases ‘only’ every three years. Again, this is less than what was feared, but still creates some cost concerns for employers.The DOL initially had asked a series of questions about the primary duty test. Those questions suggested that the DOL might adopt a percentage approach, like California. Fortunately, the DOL did not adopt a percentage approach. Indeed, it did not change the primary duty test at all. Primary duty still means major or most important. While the standard has not changed, our experience is that the DOL is examining positions more closely.Reminder: employee gets the benefit of federal or state law, whichever is more protective. Accordingly, California employers remain subject to the percentage test.There was concern that employers would be given only 60 days to implement. The effective date of the new rules is December 1, 2016. Therefore, employers will have almost six months to prepare.While six months seems like a long time to get ready, the time can pass quickly. What types of activities should human resources professionals do in order to get prepared for the changes?[Segal] HR professionals are going to need to evaluate carefully a number of options before deciding what to do with each employee whose salary falls below the new minimum salary. There is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ answer to the key question we all will face in deciding whether to raise salaries or to convert to non-exempt.One factor that an employer will need to consider is the impact of an increase of one employee’s salary on other employees. Should other employees who are above the minimum salary get a boost, too?If the decision is made to increase the employee’s minimum salary now, the employer needs to know that that salary will continue to rise. Can the employer commit now to future increases?The employer also needs to consider the employer relations considerations in converting the employee from exempt to non-exempt. For some employees, being converted from exempt to non-exempt will be deemed as a demotion.Moreover, for many, there will be a loss of flexibility if an employee is converted from exempt to non-exempt. We all know that exempt employees have more flexibility in terms of when and where they get the work done compared to non-exempt employees.It is not sufficient to say that these employees will lose flexibility. By virtue of their jobs, even if they are reclassified as non-exempt, many of them will need some flexibility.Therefore, employers will need to develop carefully-crafted recordkeeping plans to allow for some remote work by non-exempt employees who previously were exempt. No remote work may avoid legal claims but it may limit your business. So start thinking about guard rails to limit, capture and pay for all remote work. This is deceptively complex issue so please consult with counsel for legal adviceThese are but some of the issues that employers will need to consider as they make the decision whether to increase an employee’s salary or to convert him or her to non-exempt.One of the considerations you mentioned in the last question are the conversations that the company needs to have with employees who are currently exempt (and will become non-exempt when the rule goes into effect.) What are 2-3 tips that organizations need to consider when speaking with employees?[Segal] Communication is critical if an employee is converted from exempt to non-exempt. As previously noted, the employee may deem this to be a demotion.I remember in 2004 when law firm paralegals were told they no longer were professionals and would receive overtime. Notwithstanding the potential to earn more money, many were upset.It is important for the employer to make clear that the change is driven by law and that the employer does not value any less the contributions that the employees provide. Yes, say it: don’t just think it!Less is not always more so take the time to explain. That may mean preparing bullet points for your managers if HR cannot handle every meeting.Another consideration you mentioned was the provision in the final rule that automatically updates the minimum salary requirement levels every three (3) years. How does this increase every 3 years affect the decisions employers make now?[Segal] Employers need to consider first and foremost how they will get the work done. And, yes, that includes the cost of doing so. In determining cost, employers must consider that there will be increases every 3 years. They will be based on the 40th percentile of full-time employees in the South.Employers may wish, periodically, to look at data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to determine what the 40th percentile is. That may result in a change in course of action before the mandated increase. Keep in mind that, if you increase an employee’s pay and then convert, the cost of overtime will be substantially higher. As noted earlier, the minimum salary will go up every 3 years. What if you can’t keep up?As a general rule, an employee’s base rate for overtime is all compensation (subject only to certain enumerated exceptions) divided by 40. The employee usually receives 1.5 times the base rates for overtime hours (that is, over 40). Reminder: in California, it is after 8 hours in a day.So, let’s assume you raise an employee now from $750 per week to $913 per week and then over the next 3 years to $1,000 per week. But let’s project the number the DOL comes up with 3 years from now is $1,100 per week. Too much, you say?That’s okay. You can convert the employee to non-exempt at a later date but you will be making overtime payments at a much higher level than if you had converted the employee initially and not later.Yes, we all will be making judgment calls on imperfect information! But isn’t that what HR does all the time as it balances competing considerations?Last question, where can HR pros go to learn more about the new regulations and how it impacts them? Is your firm putting together a webinar that readers can register for?[Segal] SHRM is a wonderful source for information. I learn a great deal not only from the webinars but also from its thought leaders on Twitter, in particular, on this issue, Lisa Horn. You can follow her on Twitter @SHRMLobbyistLisaAnd our firm is hosting a number of webinars. Thanks for opportunity to share a link: http://bit.do/b2UL3A HUGE thanks to Jonathan for sharing his knowledge with us. If you want to stay on top of these changes, be sure to follow him on Twitter @Jonathan_HR_Law or read his blog at Duane Morris. This issue is going to be talked about for some time. It’s important to get the information needed to make the right decisions for your organization.last_img read more

Weekly Report from Washington, D.C.

first_imgCCH Tax Day ReportAs Congress continued its summer break, he Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) issued a report on the IRS system for storing taxpayer data. The IRS issued several guidance items, an alert on a phone scam and notices concerning the Electronic Tax Administration Advisory Committee and the National Taxpayer Advocate.CongressHouse. Lawmakers predicted the House will take up the United States Appreciation for Olympians and Paralympians Bill (Sen 2650) when Congress returns from its recess (TAXDAY, 2016/08/17, C.1). The Senate passed the bill in July (TAXDAY, 2016/07/14, C.1). TheTreasuryTIGTA. TIGTA has issued a report concluding that the IRS’s system for providing access to taxpayer data has enhanced the efficiency of data access, but needs controls to ensure accuracy, completeness and reliability (Ref. No. 2016-20-058; TAXDAY, 2016/08/17, T.1). The IRS’s Integrated Production Model system provides a single point of access to current and historical taxpayer data in a centralized repository.IRSProcurement Tax. The IRS issued final regulations on the 2-percent excise tax imposed on payments made by the U.S. government to foreign persons (the foreign procurement tax) (T.D. 978; TAXDAY, 2016/08/18, I.1). The regulations also describe how foreign persons can claim an exemption from the tax under an income tax treaty.AFRs. The IRS has issued applicable federal rates (AFRs) for September 2016 (Rev. Rul. 2016-20; TAXDAY, 2016/08/19, I.3).Priority Guidance Plan. The IRS has issued the fourth-quarter update to the 2015-2016 Priority Guidance Plan (PGP), which identified 317 projects as priorities (TAXDAY, 2016/08/16, I.2). At the same time, the IRS also issued its PGP for 2016-2017, with more than 280 projects.Disaster Relief. The IRS has provided tax relief to storms victims in parts of Louisiana (IR-2016-105, TAXDAY, 2016/08/16, I.1; LA-2016-2 0, TAXDAY, 2016/08/22, I.4). The relief postpones various tax filing and payment deadlines. The Federal Emergency Management Agency announced that the president has designated various areas in Montana and Texas as disaster areas (FEMA-4275-DR, FEMA-4272-DR; TAXDAY, 2016/08/15, I.2). The designation allows taxpayers who suffer casualty losses from the disaster to deduct their losses in either 2015 or 2016.HCTC. The Department of Health and Human Services has proposed a hardship exemption for individuals who qualify for the Health Coverage Tax Credit under Code Sec. 35, but who were not enrolled in qualifying health insurance coverage during certain months in 2016 (TAXDAY, 2016/08/17, 1.1). The exemption will excuse eligible individuals and family members from having to pay the individual shared responsibility payment.Phone Scams. The IRS has warned that telephone scammers are targeting students and parents, and demanding payments for phony taxes, such as a “student tax” (IR-2016-107; TAXDAY, 2016/08/19, I.2). The Service urged taxpayers to report scam phone calls to the IRS, the Federal Trade Commission, or TIGTA.ETAAC. The IRS is requesting nominations for the Electronic Tax Administration Advisory Committee (ETAAC) (IR-2016-109; TAXDAY, 2016/08/22, I.2). Members serve a one to three year term. ETAAC discusses electronic tax administration issues, such as identity theft and refund fraud.Taxpayer Advocate. The National Taxpayer Advocate (NTA) held a public forum in Portland, Oregon, on August 18 to discuss what taxpayers want and need from the IRS to comply with their tax obligations (IR-2016-104; TAXDAY, 2016/08/15, I.1). The NTA will hold another public forum in Los Angeles on August 22 (IR-2016-106; TAXDAY, 2016/08/17, I.2). The purpose of the two forums is to ensure that the IRS’s “Future State” plan better reflects the needs and preferences of U.S. taxpayers.By Brant Goldwyn, Wolters Kluwer News Stafflast_img read more

Championship roundup: Leeds go top after West Brom fluff lines against Derby

first_img11Birmingham14320 14Sheff Wed14-319 Share on Facebook Marcelo Bielsa’s side, who move above Middlesbrough and Sheffield United on goal difference, took the lead after 22 minutes when Pablo Hernández arced an inch-perfect cross from the right to find Kemar Roofe, who timed his leap superbly to head home his fifth goal of the season. Midway through the second half a short corner routine resulted in Liam Cooper finding space to sidefoot powerfully in from the edge of the area to double his side’s lead.Leeds also leapfrog West Brom, who fluffed the chance to go top after slumping to a 4-1 home defeat against Derby County, who move up one place into fifth. Two early goals at the Hawthorns left Darren Moore’s side too much to do. In the 10th minute Derby pressed their opponents into a mistake while trying to play out from the back – Jack Marriott reacted well to intercept Jay Rodriguez’s attempted backpass before finishing coolly.Within five minutes, neat interplay from Frank Lampard’s side on the break gave Tom Lawrence space on the left of the home area, and his curling drive was always moving away from Sam Johnstone’s despairing dive. In the second half Harry Wilson struck a fine left-footed effort from 20 yards and Scott Malone added a fourth before Rodriguez scored a late consolation.Preston North End climbed out of the bottom three with a 4-3 win against Brentford which they initially led 3-0 after 23 minutes. Nottingham Forest won 3-0 at Bolton thanks to goals from Joe Lolley, and two from Lewis Grabban, who also missed a penalty. Bristol City’s Famara Diédhiou struck deep into stoppage time for a 1-0 win against Hull City, who stay second-bottom. 23Hull14-109 10Swansea14420 Championship PosTeamPGDPts Leeds United West Bromwich Albion Brentford 7Nottm Forest14622 Ipswich Town 9Blackburn14-221 22Reading14-412 2Middlesbrough14926 Leeds United are top of a tightening Championship table after a dominant 2-0 win over bottom club Ipswich Town at Elland Road. 8Bristol City14422 20Millwall14-713 5Derby14624 16Aston Villa14018 17Stoke14-217 Reuse this content 21Rotherham14-1013 Share on Messenger 12Wigan14-220 15Brentford14418 24Ipswich14-119 Read more Topics 13QPR14-520 Preston North End Share on WhatsApp Share on LinkedIn Share on Pinterest 19Preston North End14-513 6Norwich14224 4West Brom141024 18Bolton14-816 Share via Email Share on Twitter Paul Hurst looks for a lifeline to pull Tractor Boys out of a deep rut 1Leeds141426 3Sheff Utd14726 Derby Countylast_img read more

Video: Aly Raisman Explains Why Gabby Douglas Didn’t Show For The MTV VMAs

first_imgAly Raisman being interviewed.Sunday night, the United States women’s gymnastics team, which took home the team gold in this year’s 2016 Rio Olympic games, made an appearance at the MTV VMAs to hand out an award to Beyonce for Best Female Video. But one key member of the squad was missing.This year’s ‘Final Five’ included Simone Biles, Aly Raisman, Laurie Hernandez, Madison Kocian and Gabby Douglas. But when the team took the stage Sunday night, Douglas was not with the group.Why? According to Raisman, Douglas was in the hospital suffering from an allergic reaction. Her publicist Lesley Burbridge later added that it’s a mouth infection from a previous injury.Raisman and her teammates have been on quite a whirlwind victory tour since returning from Rio. Meeting Beyonce is likely one of the highlights.last_img read more

How To Save MLB Free Agency

Free agency is becoming less lucrative for MLB playersAverage value per contracted season for MLB free agents through the first 100 days of the past six offseasons Our pool of available free agents includes any player with major league experience who was granted free agency or released in October and November of each season. That excludes players signed internationally or those waived by a club before the season ended or later in the offseason.Source: The Baseball Cube 2018-195408015.01,066.81238.7 2015-165788214.02,298.318212.6 free agentsContracts OffseasontotalSigningsshare signedtotal valuetotal seasonsAvg. Value per season FanGraphs forecasts that payrolls could decline for the second straight year this season, while revenues grow and values of franchises soar.Moreover, the percentage of one-year deals signed has spiked. Of the 80 free-agent deals signed through Feb. 5 this offseason, 51 — or 63.8 percent — were of the one-year variety. That’s the greatest one-year contract share since at least the 2013-14 offseason, perhaps suggestive of players lessening their contract expectations.So how would restricted free agency help beyond getting players to the market earlier? It should also increase their share of revenue.Players with more than three years of service time but less than six are eligible for arbitration. The first year of arbitration eligibility is supposed to garner a player about 40 percent of their open-market value, the second year 60 percent, and the third year of arbitration approximately 80 percent, though that estimate does not always apply. While arbitration earnings are far greater than pre-arbitration salaries, which are typically near the minimum salary, they are still short of market value.The type of restricted free-agency system that owners attempted to implement in 1994 seems increasingly beneficial to players today. That system could have made young star Francisco Lindor a 25-year-old free agent this winter and Mookie Betts a 25-year-old free agent last winter.While clubs would likely fight today against something they proposed a quarter-century ago, free agency isn’t working as intended for many players. The union might need to be more creative and dig in for change.“As we approach the next round of collective bargaining, we’re going to be considering all aspects of the system, as we always do,” an MLBPA spokesperson told FiveThirtyEight in November.And perhaps that should include an examination of an idea that originated from the other side.Neil Paine contributed research. The average age of position players last season (28.1 years) was the youngest since 1979. That age has gradually declined from a peak of 29.3 years in 2004. The average age of pitchers has also declined from a free-agency-era peak of 29.2 years in 2005 to 28.4 last season, tied for the third-youngest this century.Yet the average debut age for hitters and pitchers has remained static.The average debut age last season was 24.3 years for hitters and 24.6 for pitchers. For hitters, the average debut age has ranged between 24.0 and 24.6 years since 2000, and for pitchers, it’s ranged between 23.8 and 24.9 years.What it all means is that hundreds of age 30-plus seasons have gone missing from baseball. In 2004, there were 250 players age 32 or older who recorded at least 100 plate appearances or faced 100 batters on the mound. Last season? There were 190 such players. There have only been four seasons — 1915, 1917, 1965 and 1975 — in which age 32 and older position players accounted for a lesser share of wins above replacement than last season, at 12.9 percent. The fifth-lowest share was 2017’s 13.1 percent.This youth movement is likely tied to performance-enhancing drug testing that began to be attached with penalties in 2004 as PEDs were thought to extend careers. But teams have also never had more data to understand how players age. Clubs seem increasingly unwilling to spend on 30-something free agents.And while the back end of careers are being squeezed, clubs are often accused of manipulating the service time of players, particularly elite-level prospects, on the front end of their careers to push down wages in prime earning years and gain more controllable years over players.While this offseason has warmed after an even colder start than the previous winter, the 2017-18 class was considered to be a weak crop of free agents. This year’s class was long considered elite, with some forecasting that the total contract amount would set a record, with $3 billion or more guaranteed to players. But the total dollars guaranteed through Feb. 5 — or 100 days after the World Series — hit just $1,066.78 million, which fell well short of the totals through the same point in recent offseasons, excluding the winter of 2017-18. And it’s not just total dollars that are off those of the not-so-distant past, but also the annual average value of contracts. 2017-18569508.8736.7957.8 2013-145307514.2%$1,527.5m152$10.1m 2016-175438014.71,295.41409.3 In the midst of the 1994-95 baseball strike, 38 players received surprising news: They had been granted free agency. They were a new type of free agent — a restricted free agent. Players with at least four years of service time in the major leagues but fewer than six — which is still required to become a free agent today — could field offers on the market. Their previous teams could match any offer they received, much like teams do in the NBA or NFL.As Major League Baseball remained engaged in a bitter labor dispute that wiped out the World Series, owners had declared an impasse and implemented the restricted free agency plan, along with a salary cap, to replace salary arbitration. The Boston Red Sox even reached verbal agreements with restricted free agents Sammy Sosa and Kevin Appier before the MLB players association filed a complaint with the National Labor Relations Board and the owners’ new system was scrapped.MLB has not had a work stoppage since 1994-95, its longest stretch of labor peace in the free-agency era. But because free agency seems broken for many players, and accusations of collusion are being levied, there’s growing speculation that labor strife could await when the collective bargaining agreement expires after the 2021 season.To save free agency, it turns out that players could actually benefit from what the owners proposed nearly a quarter-century ago. What players need is a pathway to the marketplace nearer their prime seasons.The MLBPA’s biggest problem with the current free-agency structure is that to become a free agent, a player must accumulate six full years of service time, which players typically reach after age 30. The average age of a free agent signed so far this winter was 32.2 years, according to data compiled by The Baseball Cube.1We used the player’s age as of the start of the season. Since the 2013-14 offseason, the average signing age has hovered around 33 years. That’s well past a player’s prime.Position players generally peak between age 26 and 28. Pitchers peak even earlier. Those years are almost always controlled by the club at below-market wages, unless a player debuts at an extremely young age like Bryce Harper (who was 19) and Manny Machado (20) — unusually young free agents who are entering their age-26 seasons.The other issue for players and free agency is that the game is becoming younger. 2014-155277213.71,558.614211.0 read more

HomeField Advantage Doesnt Mean What It Used To In English Football

Only one home team lost last weekend in the English Premier League. It was the same the weekend before. How unusual is this? Or, put another way, how significant is home-field advantage in soccer?It’s significant — at least, it was significant.Using a data set of scores compiled by one of this article’s authors (James), we can quantify the home team’s advantage in English football over the past 126 years. Here are the percentages of home wins, visitor wins and draws, by year, since the founding of the league in 1888 (the data is from all games played in the top four tiers of the English football pyramid, or just shy of 200,000 games):In the early days of English football, about 60 percent of games were won by the home team. The rest split about equally: 20 percent draws and 20 percent visitor wins. Now, the home team wins only about 40 percent of games, the visitor wins 30 percent, and the rest are draws. This trend doesn’t show signs of slowing. Home-field advantage in English football is disappearing.What’s responsible for this dramatic shift? Most immediately, it’s the result of a decrease in home-team scoring. Here are the average home and away goals per game, by year:Although scoring for either side has fluctuated, visitor goals have remained relatively constant, floating mostly between 1.00 and 1.3 per game. Home goals have fallen to roughly 1.5 per game from more than 2.5. The average difference (home goals minus away goals) has fallen to about 0.3 goals last year from about 1.1 goals at the league’s founding.A laundry list of explanations for home-field advantage have been offered over the years: partisan crowds, influenced officials, the comforts of home, the hardships of travel, stadium accommodations that favor the home team (e.g. nicer locker rooms or grass mowed to the liking of the players), even “home-cooked” stoppage time.Just as many reasons have been offered for the advantage’s decline, in soccer and elsewhere: easier access to tickets for away fans through sites like StubHub, more comfortable travel accommodations, better oversight of officials, the gentrification of soccer crowds — or maybe just random chance.1For a brief review of the literature, see this paper by Richard Pollard.Economists Mark Koyama and J. James Reade noticed this decline, too, and offered a provocative explanation in a 2008 paper. Writing mainly about English soccer, they argued that the effort put forth by players depends on how much they are “monitored” by their team’s fans. Players tend to put in more effort, they write, when their fans can observe it — they tend not to shirk. More of their fans observe this effort during a home game, of course. But that fact is mitigated by televised soccer. Television serves as a “monitoring technology,” and enables fans of the visiting team to monitor their players’ performance more easily. This, in turn, increases the effort put forth by players of visiting teams. Therefore, Koyama and Reade conclude, the increase of televised soccer has depressed home-field advantage.The theory seems plausible, but struggles to explain the decline in home-field wins in the first half of the 1900s. And it struggles to explain variations, or the lack thereof, in other sports.While a constellation of factors is likely responsible for shifts in advantage, one especially convincing explanation is changes in officiating.The soccer referee was introduced in roughly his modern-day form in 1891 (minus the aerosol spray). A single official can have an enormous influence on a game — an influence rarely rivaled in other sports. One reason is that soccer games are low-scoring and a referee can, in many cases, effectively award a goal to one team or the other by calling for a penalty kick. Since 1992, penalty kicks in the Premier League have led to goals 85 percent of the time. And there has been a systematic bias of awarding penalty kicks to the home team: Of 1,666 penalties called over the last two-plus decades, 1,051 (or 63 percent) went to the home team. With the exception of the 2001-2 season, home teams have won more penalties every single year. There are, on average, 75 penalties awarded each season, or about one every fifth game.Koyama and Reade noted that a similar home-team bias has been found for the “awarding” of yellow and red cards. High-leverage biases could also manifest in the calling of close-range free kicks, corner kicks and offsides violations. It often hasn’t taken much to influence the outcome of a soccer game.But with the rise to prominence of English football over the past 100-plus years2The Premier League has revenues of nearly $4 billion a year. came correspondent increases in money, exposure,3Television may influence refs, too. professionalization, organization, oversight, monitoring and evaluation of the league. All these could have lowered referee bias toward home sides.While hard data on historical referee bias is hard to come by, there is some evidence. There has been a slight downward trend in penalty-kick bias since the founding of the Premier League, for example. In the 1992-3 season, 74 percent of penalties were awarded to the home team. Last season, just 55 percent were.Soccer’s long-diminishing home-field advantage seems to be the exception in sports, not the rule. Here are home teams’ regular-season winning percentages for the four major American sports. (For simplicity, we’ve included ties as half wins, where applicable.)With the exception of four NFL seasons, home teams won more than visitors every year. Basketball and hockey typically show the most sizable home-field advantages. Basketball’s home teams have historically won at nearly a 70 percent clip, though that has dipped to around 60 percent in recent years. NHL home teams have won consistently between 60 percent and 65 percent of their games over the league’s history.While no American sport has shown the sustained decline in home-field advantage that English soccer has — a mark against Koyama and Reade’s “monitoring technology” hypothesis — there are hints of decreases, especially in basketball. That makes sense. Basketball is another sport that can be heavily influenced by the subjectivity of officials. read more

Morata opened up on his difficult season

first_imgAlvaro Morata started his career at Chelsea in a great way but he has failed to meet the expectations recently – and he insisted that it was caused by huge injury problems that he has had with his back.The Spaniard admitted that he had to inject himself a couple of times a day just to be able to train with the team and play matches – it affected his performances strongly but the people weren’t able to see it and criticized him.The former Real Madrid player spoke about the ongoing season as he said, according to Football Espana:“This has been a very difficult year for me and it has been the same for Chelsea.”Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding at Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…“I have had an extremely difficult year, torturous. But it started beautifully, I was scoring goals and everyone loved me, but now everything has changed.”“People talk to me on the street but they do not know what I have gone through, the only people who know are my wife and my family.”“I have wanted to keep playing, to keep scoring goals but I have not been able to and what I have experienced medically is very difficult.”“I had to go to Germany several times to receive a treatment in which they punctured me in the back and it hurt me a lot, but I had to return to training in London the next day.”last_img read more

Man Utd close to signing Porto defender

first_imgFC Porto’s teenage defender Diogo Dalot is on the verge of completing a move to Manchester United, reports the BBCDespite being only 19 years old, Dalot already has a £17.4m release clause inserted in his current deal at Porto.Jose Mourinho believes that the Portuguese defender can provide United captain Antonio Valencia with some much-needed competition.However, the Red Devils are yet to activate Dalot’s release clause but they remain confident that it will only be a matter of time before a deal is concluded after making contact with Porto.harry maguire, manchester UnitedMaguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…The Portugal Under-21 international has mainly been utilised by head coach Sérgio Conceição as a left-back for Porto since making his debut back in October.The 19-year-old also featured for the Primeira Liga champions in their goalless draw against Liverpool in the return leg of their last-16 tie in the Champions League in March, which they lost 5-0 on aggregate.With Matteo Darmian and Daley Blind almost certain to leave Old Trafford this summer, Mourinho is hoping to strengthen his defence in order to challenge Manchester City next season.Tottenham’s Belgium defender Toby Alderweireld has also been linked with a move to United.last_img read more