Nature vs. nurture? Both are important, anthropologist argues

first_imgEvolutionary science stresses the contributions biology makes to our behavior. Some anthropologists try to understand how societies and histories construct our identities, and others ask about how genes and the environment do the same thing. Which is the better approach? Both are needed, argues Agustin Fuentes, University of Notre Dame biological anthropologist.“Seeing bodies and evolutionary histories as things that can be measured separate from the human cultural experience is a poor approach and bad science,” Fuentes said. “Seeing cultural perceptions and the human experience as unconnected to biology and evolutionary history is equally misguided. Data from a vast array of sources tell us that we need an integrative approach to best understand what it means to become and be human.”In a forthcoming paper in the journal Current Anthropology, Fuentes builds on the extended evolutionary synthesis of biologist Kevin Laland of the University of St. Andrews and colleagues. “The extended evolutionary synthesis is basically an update of what we know about how evolution works,” Fuentes said. “Most people think ‘survival of the fittest’ is all that happens in evolution and that DNA and genes are all that really matters. Both counts are wrong. Evolution is an awesome mix of bodies, ecologies, behaviors, chemistry and history. We know more about how life works, and the range of systems that impact it, than ever before. Organisms are constructed in development, not simply ‘programmed’ to develop by genes. Things don’t ‘evolve’ to fit into environments. They co-construct and co-evolve with their environments.”Fuentes argues in the paper that anthropologists can, and should, combine evolutionary science, cultural analysis and ethnographic research.“In the extended evolutionary synthesis, what we think, feel and do can be as relevant as our DNA, the shape of our bones and the density of muscles … Many of those things are connected,” he said. “This makes evolution approaches to why humans do what they do more exciting and more accessible to a wide range of researchers, but it also makes our jobs a lot harder.“We need more collaboration across areas in anthropology, more interaction with those outside anthropology and the development of more complex, but much better, answers about being human.” Email Pinterest Share on Twittercenter_img Share on Facebook Share LinkedInlast_img read more

News Scan for Aug 12, 2016

first_imgYellow fever declines in Angola, but is still spreading in DRCYellow fever has declined in Angola, with no confirmed cases reported since June, but the disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is spreading to new provinces and new parts of already affected provinces, the World Health Organization (WHO) said today in a weekly update.Despite the drop-off in cases in Angola, the source of the DRC’s outbreak, the WHO recommends maintaining a high-level of vigilance, and a mass vaccination campaign targeting 3 million people in 18 districts is expected to launch on Aug 15. Yellow fever vaccination is also scheduled to take place this month in four districts that border Namibia.In the DRC, preventive vaccination campaigns are scheduled to start on Aug 17 in Kinshasa province using fractional dosing, a strategy the WHO recently approved for stretching limited vaccine supplies on an emergency basis. Vaccination will also target health zones that border Angola.Since December 2015, Angola has reported 3,867 yellow fever cases, 879 of them confirmed. As of Aug 8 the DRC had reported 2,269 cases, 74 of them confirmed. Of that country’s confirmed cases, 56 were imported from Angola, 12 were locally acquired, 3 were sylvatic (from wild animals), and 3 are under investigation, the WHO said.Aug 12 WHO yellow fever update Cost of US childhood vaccinations rose 13% per year, study findsThe cost of childhood vaccinations rose 12.6% per year from 1996 to 2014, driven largely by the introduction of new vaccines, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said in a study this week in Vaccine.The researchers used the most recent public-sector data to analyze vaccine purchase costs over the study period. They found that the cost per child of recommended non-flu vaccines climbed from about $260 in the 1990s to nearly $1,630 in 2014—a 12.6% average annual growth rate after adjusting for inflation.The CDC team found that most of the growth was attributed to updates to existing recommendations and to additions of new vaccines, such as the seven-valent pneumococcal vaccine in 2000 and the human papillomavirus vaccine in 2007. In contrast, the annual growth rate due to price variation varied from -5% to 5%. Also, combination vaccines showed more price fluctuation and were often more expensive than component vaccines.The investigators said that if this trend continues, the cost of vaccinating a child will more than double by 2020 compared with 2014 prices.Aug 10 Vaccine study Researchers identify factors that likely spread MRSA on swine farmsA study of recent human and swine cases of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in Norway noted that occupational exposure, trade of pigs, and livestock transport vehicles were common routes of transmission.The researchers analyzed data on three outbreak clusters of LA-MRSA from 2008 through 2014 that included 26 pig farms, two slaughterhouses, and 36 people.They wrote, “Primary introductions likely occurred by human transmission to three sow farms with secondary transmission to other pig farms mainly through animal trade and to a lesser extent via humans or livestock trucks.” They also discovered that all non-cluster human MRSA isolates of the same strain as the outbreak strain—CC398—from the same period were genetically distinct, indicating limited spread of LA-MRSA to the general population.The authors conclude, “These findings are essential for keeping pig populations MRSA-free and from a One Health perspective to prevent pig farms from becoming reservoirs for MRSA transmission to humans.”Aug 11 Clin Infect Dis abstractlast_img read more

Damen Completes Repair Work on TSHD Leiv Eiriksson

first_imgImage source: DamenDamen Shiprepair & Conversion (DSC) has recently completed works in Vlissingen and Brest on two Jan de Nul’s vessels.One of these is the trailing suction hopper dredger (TSHD) Leiv Eiriksson and the other is the Vole au vent, a 140-meter jack-up vessel, built specifically for the installation of the latest generation of offshore wind turbines.Both vessels are among the largest in their classes, anywhere in the world, Damen said.Leiv Eiriksson at Damen Shiprepair BrestOn 16 February, Jan de Nul Groups 223-meter trailing suction hopper dredger Leiv Eiriksson departed from Damen Shiprepair Brest after a three-week maintenance program. This followed an 18-month assignment on a large-scale land reclamation project in Nigeria.The works included replacement of the 1700mm discharge lines, changing the power cables for the suction arms, fresh paintwork, the assisting of specialist sub-contractors with steering gear, propulsion and thruster repairs, valve repairs and minor steel works.With a hopper volume of 46,000m³ and a DWT of 78,500 tonnes, the Leiv Eiriksson is one of the world’s largest dredgers, the announcement said.Other recent projects for Jan de Nul Group have included works last year on the multi-purpose vessel Isaac Newton at Damen Shiprepair Vlissingen and on the TSHD Taccola at Damen Shiprepair Amsterdam.[mappress mapid=”23813″]last_img read more

High school football: Bossier, Parkway win in Lions Club Jamboree; Airline, Benton tie

first_imgAs is usually the case, the annual Bossier City Lions Club Jamboree was a mixed bag for the six high school football teams competing.Each team saw some positive results in the 24-minute “games” played at M.D. Ray Field at Airline Stadium. The most positive thing is that it appeared there were no serious injuries.But as the coaches pointed out, the performances showed there are still some things that need to be ironed out with season openers looming this week.In the first “game,” the Airline Vikings and Benton Tigers played to a scoreless tie. The Bossier Bearkats downed the Plain Dealing Lions 14-6 in the second, and the Parkway Panthers defeated the Haughton Bucs 28-14 in the nightcap.The Airline-Benton contest, played during the hottest part of the evening, was a mostly a defensive struggle.Benton came the closest to scoring. Junior quarterback Ken Gay drove the Tigers from their 37 to the Airline 3. But the Vikings blocked a 21-yard field-goal attempt. Stumbling, the speedy Brandon Marshall picked up the ball and headed for the end zone. Benton kicker Legend Denler made what could’ve been a touchdown-saving tackle.“We felt like coming into it that both defenses were a little bit ahead of the offenses,” Benton coach Reynolds Moore said. “Kind of trying to get things to jel on that side of the ball. I think they were a little bit, too. I know we were.”Moore definitely saw improvement from the Tigers’ performance in last week’s scrimmage against North Webster.“I liked what I saw from our guys up front on both sides of the ball,” he said. “Offensive line answered the challenge. Played a lot better than we did last week. I was kind of impressed we moved the football as well as we did. I wasn’t expecting that.”Keldric Moody, who rushed for more than 500 yards last season, had some nice runs. Moore also liked what he saw from Gay.Keldric Moody ran the ball hard,” he said. “We knew he could do that. Ken’s got a ways to go to get a little more crisp, but you know it was his first big-time action against a good football team so we wanted to make sure he continues to progress right there. But overall kind of pleased. Nobody’s hurt. Big, big deal there.”Airline had chances to make some big plays in the passing game but couldn’t quite make the connections.“Benton is a well-coached football team that plays hard and that’s what we expected,” coach Bo Meeks said. “They did that tonight. We had some opportunities, shot ourselves in the foot, didn’t take advantage, and when you don’t do that against good football teams that’s what happens. A lot of things to get better on. So we’re going to go back to work and get ‘em fixed and get ready to roll next week when we go to Union Parish.”As has been the case since spring practice, Meeks alternated seniors Brad Fream and Jordan Gladney at quarterback. He didn’t want to say too much about either’s performance until after watching the video.“We’ve got to make more plays in that position no matter who’s the quarterback so we’ve got to do a better job there,” he said. “We’ve got to do a better job overall.”Meeks did like the way his defense played.“We came up with some big, big stops,” he said. “The score was even but I thought we had a lot of positives tonight to build on. Again, let’s carry that into next week.”Like Moore, Bossier coach Michael Concilio also saw his team improve from last week’s scrimmage. The Bearkats didn’t score against Red River, but they found the end zone twice against Plain Dealing.A fumble recovery at the Lions 30 by Otis Smith set up the first TD, a 15-yard run by sophomore Sentavion Burns. New quarterback Deondre Summage capped a 38-yard drive in the second half with a 14-yard run.Except for some minor early penalties, Bossier coach Michael Concilion thought things went well with his team making fewer mistakes than he expected in a jamboree.“The first drive we had to settle in,” he said. “I expect that in the first drive. The second drive we moved the football, hurt ourselves a little bit. They drove the ball down on one drive. We made some corrections, changed our fronts. We were able to do some good things in the second half.”Six Bearkats carried the ball. Burns, Rico St. Fluer and Roderick Francis combined for 80 yards.TJ McCauley scored Plain Dealing’s TD on a 46-yard run, getting some good blocks before breaking free past the line of scrimmage.Like the rest of the teams, the Lions have a few things to work on this week.“I think we have a lot of young kids running the ball in skill positions,” coach James Thurman said. “We’ve got new guys. Hopefully the mistakes they made tonight, that’s their chance tonight to get them out of the way.“We had some big penalties in key spots. We had a first-down run on a drive trying to go down and at least tie it up. Those kind of things hurt. You get a first down called back because of a holding penalty.”With just 20 players on the roster, Plain Dealing has several players who rarely come off the field.“Defense got gassed a little bit,” he said. “We’ve just got a few big boys going both ways so we’ve got to get in better shape. Hopefully we made all the mistakes this week and next week it will be ironed out and we can move forward. Proud of some things, but there are some things we can work on. We’ve got to grow up in a hurry.”Parkway rallied from a 14-7 deficit in the second 12-minute half. The Panthers took advantage of two turnovers deep in Haughton territory, including one on a botched punt snap, to pull away.Sophomore running back Jamall Asberry had a big night, scoring on runs of 1, 5 and 12 yards. The Panthers’ experienced offensive line opened some big holes for him.“I like our team,” Parkway coach Neil May said. “I like our senior class. We’ve got 30 of ‘em. They’re hungry. They’re led by a few warriors, including Amani Larry, our quarterback. We feel like we can run the ball. We feel like we can throw it. So right now we’re excited about the possibilities.”Larry tossed a touchdown pass to Chase Turner to give the Panthers the lead.May was also generally pleased with his defense.“Our defense is playing better,” he said. “They’re getting better and better every week. We did make a couple of mental mistakes tonight as a team as a whole that I feel like we can fix and continue to get better. But I’m proud of our guys right now.”Besides some misadventures in the kicking game, Haughton looked solid most of the contest.Junior Keyshawn Davis ripped off a 74-yard touchdown run on the Bucs’ first possession.“That was good to see that he can make that play and go the distance,” Haughton coach Jason Brotherton said.Sophomore quarterback Peyton Stovall did a good job of running the offense and scored on an 8-yard run in the second half.But Brotherton saw a lot of room for improvement.“We’ve got so much to work on,” he said. “They beat us up front on both sides of the ball. We never stopped them. They beat us in the kicking game so it’s unlimited what we can work on.”Season openers Thursday Tensas at Plain Dealing Friday Airline at Union ParishBTW at ParkwayHaughton at MindenBTW at ParkwayBenton at WossmanMadison at Bossier— Russell Hedges, [email protected] You Ready to Meet Cool Guys in Tung Chung?Perfect-Dating.com|SponsoredSponsoredUndoTheTopFiveVPNThe Secret Netflix Doesn’t Want You To Know To Unblock RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPN|SponsoredSponsoredUndoAspireAbove.comRemember Abby from NCIS? Take A Deep Breath Before You See How She Looks NowAspireAbove.com|SponsoredSponsoredUndoNews gadgetThis watch takes the whole country by storm! it’s price? Ridiculous!News gadget|SponsoredSponsoredUndoTheTopFiveVPNThe Trick Netflix Doesn’t Want You To Know To Unlock RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPN|SponsoredSponsoredUndoCelebsland.com9 Celebrity Before-And-After Plastic Surgery DisastersCelebsland.com|SponsoredSponsoredUndolast_img read more

Patrick Corbin, Nationals to square off against Joe Musgrove in Game 3 of series against Pirates; lineup: 8/21-2019

first_imgThe lineup for tonight is as follows: The Washington Nationals are looking to win the third game of the series against the Pittsburgh Pirates at PNC Park tonight. After last night’s loss, the Nationals are looking to bounce back and split this series. Patrick Corbin (9-5, 3.34 ERA) will make his 26th start against Joe Musgrove (8-11, 4.59 ERA). Trea Turner – SSAdam Eaton – RFAnthony Rendon – 3BJuan Soto – LFAsdrubal Cabrera – 2BMatt Adams – 1BVictor Robles – CFYan Gomes – CPatrick Corbin – SPcenter_img First pitch is scheduled for 7:05 p.m. ET.Please follow and like us:last_img read more