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WTO: Members’ Development Status (Part I)

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first_imgWTO: Divisive Development Status DebateBy Elizabeth Morgan The General Council (GC) of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the highest body outside of the Ministerial Conference, met October 15-16. This was the first opportunity to consider the US Presidential Memorandum on Reforming Developing Country Status in the WTO issued in July. Issues related to WTO…October 24, 2019In “Business”WTO: Members’ Development Status (Part III): Implications for CARICOM MembersWhen the World Trade Organization (WTO) resumes work shortly, the Members of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), like others, will need to be prepared to address the issues on WTO reform which include proposals on special and differential treatment (S&DT) and differentiation/graduation. In addition, preparations will commence for the 12th WTO…September 4, 2019In “CARICOM”WTO: Members’ Development Status (Part II)By Elizabeth Morgan The developed members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) were ready to launch a new round of multilateral trade negotiations at the first WTO Ministerial Conference (MC 1) held in Singapore in 1996, two (2) years after the conclusion of the GATT Uruguay Round (UR). This proposal…August 28, 2019In “Featured”Share this on WhatsApp You may be interested in… Sep 16, 2020 Trade in Services – For CARICOM, Tourism dominates Oct 14, 2020 By Elizabeth Morgan The development status of members, i.e. whether they are designated developed, developing or least developed countries (LDCs), has now become a contentious issue at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Note that all WTO Members are not countries. Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) are customs territories as they are not recognized sovereign states. The development designation of a country or territory at the WTO is important as it determines whether they can utilize various development flexibilities, called “special and differential treatment (S&DT)”, contained in the WTO Multilateral Trade Agreements or benefit from unilateral, one way preferential market access programmes, such as the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), offered by developed countries. The WTO, with 164 Members, follows the system of development designation which applies at the United Nations (UN). Countries self-select whether they are developed or developing. Developed countries are primarily about 31 rich, industrialized countries who are integrated into the world’s financial and trading systems. The developing countries (over 100) are in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean. In 1971, arising from discussions about the plight of the poorest countries, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 2768 on the identification of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs).  From this, there is now a formal category of 47 LDCs, which are mainly in Africa and Asia/Pacific. There is only one LDC, Haiti, in Latin America and the Caribbean. Relations within the Western Hemisphere: an uneasy alliance center_img Over the years, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), first held in 1964, sought to introduce sub-categories of small island developing countries, land-locked developing countries, and countries in transition (formerly centrally planned economies). By 2000s, in economic institutions, there was increasing reference to certain countries as “emerging economies”, meaning they were advancing in development based on per capita income, GDP growth, export performance and integration into global finance. This signaled that a discussion on differentiation, i.e. excluding some developing countries from S&DT, would gain momentum at the WTO. Special and Differential Treatment (S&DT) To understand the current WTO discussion on development status (differentiation) and the implications for countries in the Caribbean, requires a summary of the origin of S&DT at GATT/WTO. There were twenty-three (23) signatories to the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). At that time, development was not such an issue. However, in the 1950s, more independent former colonies joined the GATT along with countries from Latin America. Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica joined in 1962 and 1963 respectively. There was growing emphasis on the link between trade and development and the disadvantages experienced by these less developed countries. This concern led the GATT to negotiate and adopt, in 1964, a new chapter on Trade and Development. This Chapter recognized that developing countries should be allowed to use special measures to promote trade and development. It enabled the application of S&DT and instituted the principle of non-reciprocity meaning that developing countries would not be required to reciprocate in opening their markets to developed countries in GATT trade negotiations. The GSP was initiated and adopted in UNCTAD in 1970. GSP granted S&DT allowing developed countries to offer to developing countries unilateral, one way market access through tariff reductions on a range of products. During the GATT Tokyo Round of Negotiations (1973-1979), the “Enabling Clause” was adopted giving a permanent most favoured nation (MFN) waiver to the GSP. By the GATT Uruguay Round (1986-1994), more developing countries were in the GATT and more issues of interest to them were being negotiated. It was recognized that developing countries still needed S&DT which is reflected in the Agreements. But, it was already threatened. Under the new WTO, the Doha Round was launched and should have been a development round focusing on the concerns of developing countries. It was here that the challenge to S&DT commenced in earnest. Submitted by Elizabeth Morgan, Specialist in International Trade Policy and International Politics Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… Oct 1, 2020 What has been CARICOM’s Foreign Trade Strategy and Agenda? Oct 7, 2020 Trade-in-Services and Technology: More missed opportunities… last_img read more

Saint Lucia records first COVID-19 case in over a month

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first_imgStory via CMC – St. Lucia recorded its first positive case for more than a month while Jamaica and Haiti recorded deaths from the coronavirus (COVID-19) over the last 24 hours. The health authorities in Jamaica said six additional COVID-19 related deaths and 196 new cases had been recorded in the last 24 hours and that the death toll now stands at 138. They said that three of the newly reported deaths were previously under investigation. Oct 15, 2020 In Haiti, the Ministry of Public Health is reporting 19 new cases of COVID- 19 pushing the total to 8,854 since the first case was detected on March 19. One person died in the West Department and the death toll now stands at 230. The number of persons who have since recovered is 7,013 but there are 1, 611 active cases. You may be interested in… The woman, whose travel originated in the United States, landed in Barbados on an Air Canada flight on Thursday. Her result was one of the 528 tests conducted by the Best-dos Santos Public Health Laboratory on Thursday. To date, the lab has completed 26 971 tests. In Suriname, the number of active COVID-19 cases fell back below the 100 limit to be at 96. In the last 24 hours, 14 persons tested positive, with 12 of them being in the capital, Paramaribo. The Dutch-speaking Caribbean country has a total of 5,018 corona cases. St. Lucia records more cases of COVID A 54-year-old female visitor tested positive for COVID-19, pushing Barbados’ tally of confirmed cases to 205. “The number of people cured is 4,816, including 20 in the past 24 hours. For the sixth day in a row, the death toll remained stationary at 106. Furthermore, there are 29 people in hospitals, four in intensive care units and 60 positives in isolation,” the Ministry of Health said. CMO says Saint Lucia at critical stage of COVID-19 outbreak Jamaica has 7,559.positive cases of the virus and of the latest cases, their ages were between one month to 96- years old. There were also 40 recoveries bringing the total number of recoveries to 3,142. Oct 16, 2020 One person recovered from the viral illness and was discharged from isolation.  This brings the island’s total number of recoveries to 183, while the number of persons in isolation remains at 15.  There were seven deaths since the first case was recorded in March. “The Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health has commenced contact tracing immediately in the communities. This process would aid in determining the source of infection,” Dr. Belmar-George said urging commuters on public transportation on the Castries to the southern town of Vieux-Fort to be very careful. It said the number of civilians in quarantine increased to 424 after it was reported on October 6 that there were no people in quarantine at all. The sharp increase in three days has to do with the passengers who came from the Netherlands. “The Ministry of Health is requesting anyone who travelled from the 2H Castries-Vieux-Fort route via minibus M481 during the period Monday, September 28, 2020 to Friday, October 9, 2020 to report to the respiratory clinics for assessment and possible testing,” she added. Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… More deaths from COVID-19 recorded in CARICOM countries,… Six Eastern Caribbean countries deemed safe for travel – CDC This brings the total number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in St. Lucia to date to 29 and the health authorities said that “at this point of the investigation, the source of infection is not confirmed. Oct 16, 2020 Oct 15, 2020 Bahamas, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago record deaths from COVID-19The Bahamas and Jamaica recorded deaths from the coronavirus (COVID-19) as several other Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries reported new cases of the virus over the past 24 hours. The Ministry of Health said that there were 65 new cases of COVID-19 and two additional deaths. As a result the total number…September 30, 2020In “General”Haiti records More COVID Deaths(Barbados Nation) The death toll from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic reached 80 on Wednesday as Haiti recorded four more deaths over the past 24 hours. The Ministry of Public Health in its daily bulletin, gave no details as to what part of the country the victims had come from, but…June 18, 2020In “CARPHA”Three CARICOM countries record COVID deathsStory via CMC – Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas registered deaths from the coronavirus (COVID-19) over the past 24 hours, while the authorities in Belize warn that ongoing transmission happening within families is a key factor driving the virus in that Caribbean Community (CARICOM) country. The Ministry of…October 14, 2020In “General”Share this on WhatsApp The Chief Medical Officer, in St. Lucia, Dr. Sharon Belmar-George, said a 48 year old male national is the latest case there. He has since been placed at the Respiratory Hospital for care.last_img read more

Brake Parts Inc. Announces Departmental Merger

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first_imgPrior to his new position, Tartaglione served as the senior vice president of global sales for BPI, growing sales with existing customers, and new business in the OES, retail and traditional market channels. Tartaglione has 35 years of marketing and sales experience working in the automotive market and will lead a team of experienced aftermarket veterans as well as new and promising talent. He is a five-time Young Executive nominee through AAIA, and earned his AAP designation through AWDA University. Tartaglione is a past member of both the AAIA Marketing and Membership Committee and the AWDA Manufacturers Advisory Council. He also is a current member and past board member of the Automotive Sales Council.   AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement “Bruce has a rich history in the aftermarket and is uniquely qualified to move BPI forward as a true customer champion,” said Dave Overbeeke, president and CEO, BPI. “Integrating marketing and sales promotes progressive customer focus and supports increased market flexibility,” added Tartaglione. “As BPI continues its forward movement with future growth strategies, this unification will better serve our current and future customer base.” McHENRY, Ill. ­– Brake Parts Inc. (BPI) has announced new roles and responsibilities within its sales and marketing departments, as a result of shifting marketplace dynamics within the automotive aftermarket. According to BPI, “nimble suppliers shift their organizational alignment to be more receptive to their customer’s changing needs and often improve effectiveness and efficiency for both.” In this spirit, the company has announced that Bruce Tartaglione now has global responsibility for the newly formed BPI marketing and sales team and will serve as the senior vice president of global marketing and sales.last_img read more

Jail Time For East Hampton Man

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first_imgA 24-year-old lifetime resident of East Hampton Town has been sentenced to a year and a half in jail, the result of a long string of arrests, going back years, that ended with two guilty pleas to felonies in county court.Christopher Scott Verity has been arrested, most often by East Hampton Town police, numerous times over the past few years. Earlier this year, he was arrested on a felony charge following a domestic violence case. Unable to make bail, he spent five days in jail,.Less than two weeks later, he was under arrest again on a felony charge, this time driving while intoxicated, following a three-vehicle accident on Springs-Fireplace Road in Springs, after which he allegedly left the scene. “I was scared. I knew what would happen. I knew I was going to jail,” he told police.He was right. The arrest caused the probation department to issue a violation charge. Verity has been in jail since February 21.He was brought to East Hampton Town Justice Court on Thursday, June 7, from the county jail in Riverside by deputy sheriffs. He was wearing an olive-green county-issued jump suit and was shackled at the ankles.He had nine open cases for East Hampton Town Justice Lisa Rana to unravel, working with Rudy Migliore, assistant district attorney, and Matt D’Amato, Verity’s attorney. The charges varied, stemming from traffic infractions, to charges such as reckless endangerment, resisting arrest, criminal mischief, assault, drunken driving, a violation of probation, and criminal tampering.Verity had previously pleaded guilty in county court to two felony drunken driving charges. He was sentenced to one year on one of the cases, and six months on the other, to run consecutively.After a 20-minute conference, the lawyers and Justice Rana had their ducks in a row. The felony drunken driving charge, at the local level, and the accompanying six charges on that docket, including leaving the scene of an accident and felony unlicensed driving were dismissed, since they had been dealt with in county court. Four separate dockets for traffic infractions were dismissed.The misdemeanor assault charge and the felony criminal mischief charge were reduced all the way to a simple violation of harassment, to which Verity pleaded guilty. It was unlikely there would have been a conviction on those charges. The victim in that case, for whom an order of protection had been issued, was sitting next to Verity when he was arrested on the drunken driving charge two weeks after the domestic incident.Verity entered an admission of guilt to the violation of probation. He was sentenced to another four months on that charge, to run concurrently with the county time, and 15 days for the harassment violation, also to run concurrently.Then Justice Rana spoke. “You are eventually going to get out. I hope we are not going to have a repeat performance,” she said. She told Verity that, at one point, he had appeared to have cleaned himself up. Then came another string of arrests. “This was a total meltdown,” she added.Felony Charges DroppedA Smithtown attorney was cleared of three felony drug possession charges in East Hampton Town Justice Court May 31. Daniel Wasp, 50, had been pulled over in downtown Montauk early morning April 11 for “insufficient taillights” while driving at night. Because he had a suspended license, East Hampton Town police reported, he was placed under arrest, leading to a search of his car.Inside a knapsack in the car, police allegedly found various illegal drugs, including more than a half gram of what tested positive as cocaine, and five milligrams of what police said was methamphetamine, along with various packaging materials and a scale. He was charged with several misdemeanors, along with three felonies, which included possession of the methamphetamine and possession of cocaine, along with possession with intent to sell. All these charges were based on the alleged weight the police recorded of the drugs involved.However, after the narcotics were sent to the Suffolk County crime lab, the district attorney’s office agreed with the application by Matthew D’Amato, Wasp’s attorney from the Legal Aid Society, to reduce the felony possession charges to the misdemeanor level and drop the intent to sell altogether.Carl Irace, a local attorney who was a prosecutor in the Bronx district attorney’s office, recently explained the process involved when the police hand off illegal drugs to the county crime lab. Police file charges based on the actual weight of the drugs the seize.When the crime lab examines the drug, they take samples, and test its purity. Because narcotics are frequently cut when they change hands by adding, say, milk powder to cocaine, allowing the buyer to keep some of the narcotic for himself, the potency of the seized drug can vary greatly. It is the total weight of the actual drug in the powder the lab is testing for.What starts off as over half a gram of cocaine, which would trigger a felony charge, could easily end up testing as under a half gram of pure cocaine, which would be a misdemeanor. Such was the case with the drugs allegedly seized from Wasp, according to remarks made in court by Migliore who agreed to lower the charges to the misdemeanor level May 31.Jailed Greenport Man Slated for DeportationThe Greenport man who was remanded to county jail May 17 for allegedly eluding, over a period of many months, the probation department’s attempts to conduct an interview before his criminal case in East Hampton Town Justice Court could be adjudicated, remains behind bars, with deportation proceedings looming over him.According to a memo sent to the justice court from the probation department, Jignesh Patel, who had been working as a manager at American Beech Restaurant on Main Street in Greenport before he was remanded May 17, had finally been interviewed by the probation department. “The defendant was remorseful and apologized for being deceitful, and evading both the probation department and the court,” the memo reads.“He reasoned that, due to his illegal immigration status, he feared deportation and wanted to remain in the United States,” the memo continues. “On May 21, an immigration detainer was placed on Mr. Patel,” the memo states.The memo concludes that, due to the Memorial Day holiday weekend, the probation department hadn’t had time to complete his assessment, which is needed in order for him to enter a guilty plea on a drunken driving charge in East Hampton. He will be brought to East Hampton’s Justice Court on June 14. The court had not received the probation department’s report as of Monday, but it likely will be in hand for Thursday’s date.tom.e@indyeastend.com Sharelast_img read more

Standardised school designs: It ain’t what you do, it’s the way you do it

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first_imgTo continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Subscribe now for unlimited access Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletterslast_img read more

Jamaican Police now wearing body cameras

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first_imgToday is February 21. We’re taking a look at some of the top stories that are making the news across your Caribbean-American community right here in South FloridaThousands of Americans turned out across the island to march in what was dubbed ‘Mot Not My President Day. Marchers came out in cities across the nation including New York, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Chicago and Washington DC. The protesters were showing their disagreement with Donald Trump executive order against undocumented immigrants among other issues.Police in Jamaica are now wearing body cameras. The cameras were fitted on cops in the capital city of Kingston as the initiative is being rolled out on a phased basis. The move was welcomed by human rights groups in the island who have long complained that the police have carried out extra-judicial killings and human rights excesses.Extradited former Haitian rebel and elected representative, Guy Philippe has been arguing his case from behind bars in a Miami, Florida jail. Philippe posted a rant on social media where he pleaded his innocence, called on supporters to continue demonstrating for his immediate return to Haiti and accused former classmate and Haitian Senate President Youri Latortue of conspiring against him.In SportsThe Barbados Pride defeated Jamaica Scorpions by 59 runs in the final of the Regional Super50 at Coolidge Cricket Ground in Antigua on Sunday. The Pride scored 271 for nine off 50 overs to beat the Scorpions who tallied 212 all out off 44.3 overs.Here’s What’s TrendingSinger Lauryn Hill and businessman and son of Reggae king, Bob Marley, Rohan Marley are grandparents following the birth of their first child Zion’s son on the weekend. The child has been named Zephaniah.For tomorrows weather forecastIt will be partly cloudy in Broward County and cloudy in Miami-Dade County with a High of 81 degrees and a low of 61.  For more information on these and other stories, visit us online at Caribbeannationalweekly.com. Make Sure to pick up your copy of the National Weekly at your nearest Caribbean American outlet.Today’s coverage was brought to you by Grace Soups: Spice up your kitchen with Grace Soups today.  Genuine Caribbean taste enjoyed worldwide!”last_img read more

Nietes clobbers Sosa in flyweight debut

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first_imgMANILA – Filipino boxer Donnie Nietes made a successful debut in the flyweight division as he scored a unanimous decision win over Mexican Edgar Sosa on Sunday at the Stubhub Center in Carson, California.With the Pinoy Pride 38 victory, the Murcia, Negros Occidental-native Nietes captured the vacant World Boxing Organization (WBO) Inter-Continental flyweight belt.Both fighters showed little action in the first two rounds until the punches picked up in the third and fourth frame as Nietes staggered Sosa with his jabs and right straights hits.Nietes led a master class in boxing the succeeding rounds with his precise jabs and hard straight rights to bludgeon Sosa’s face. The Mexican tried his best to launch his own attacks but Nietes remained evasive.In the last few rounds, Nietes wobbled Sosa anew with his overhand rights but the Filipino boxer failed to score a knockdown as the Mexican proved durable, withstanding the Filipino’s punches.With the victory, the 34-year-old Nietes improved his win-loss-draw ring record to 39-1-4, with 22 victories coming by way of knockouts. Sosa’s slate, meanwhile, slid down to 52-10-0, with 30 stoppage wins.Meanwhile, Negros Occidental-native Arthur Villanueva retained the WBO Asia-Pacific bantamweight belt with a brutal second round knockout victory over Mexican Juan Jimenez.After a controversial end to their first encounter in Bacolod City, Villanueva made sure there would be no questions asked this time as he knocked down Jimenez with a perfectly-timed right cross in the second quarter.In the other match, Mark Magsayo kept his unbeaten record as he scored a lopsided unanimous decision victory over Ramiro Robles of Mexico for the WBO International featherweight belt./PN[/av_textblock][/av_one_full] [av_one_full first min_height=” vertical_alignment=” space=” custom_margin=” margin=’0px’ padding=’0px’ border=” border_color=” radius=’0px’ background_color=” src=” background_position=’top left’ background_repeat=’no-repeat’ animation=”][av_heading heading=’Nietes clobbers Sosa in flyweight debut ‘ tag=’h3′ style=’blockquote modern-quote’ size=” subheading_active=’subheading_below’ subheading_size=’15’ padding=’10’ color=” custom_font=”]BY ADRIAN STEWART CO[/av_heading][av_textblock size=” font_color=” color=”]last_img read more

Deadlines Looming For Christmas Mail

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first_imgFacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Official deadlines for holiday mail delivery don’t fall until later this week and next, but the United States Postal Service says Alaskan should leave a little extra time. Dawn Peppinger with USPS encouraged Alaskans sending packages to the Lower 48 to add two to three days to the published mail dates… Peppinger: “The priority mail recommended mail date is December 20th. For priority mail express it’s December 23rd. And for information on packaging recommendations, even to go online and print a shipping label and save a little money on your shipment, we recommend going to usps.com.” Carriers are also delivering packages early in the morning on week days. Peppinger said they are taking steps to speed up Christmas deliveries… Peppinger: “Our Kenai and Soldotna offices will be providing delivery of packages on Sunday, so look for that. Carriers are going out with packages to help with getting our packages delivered as early as possible.” That means priority mail packages should be sent today.last_img read more

Kenai River Cleanup Collects 3,055lbs Of Trash

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first_imgKeith Baxter helped organize the event… Baxter: “It’s almost 700 kids from about seven different schools, including Connections Homeschool, Cook Inlet Academy, Sterling Elementary, Soldotna Elementary, Kaleidoscope, Redoubt Elementary, and K-Beach.” Baxter says the award for “Most Trash Collected” goes to Redoubt Elementary, which brought in a “whopping” 1,540lbs.center_img FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Twenty seven classes of local children collected 3,055lbs of trash along the Kenai River this year as part of the fourth annual Kenai River Spring Cleanup.last_img read more

SOAR Brings Christmas Spirit To Orphans In Russia

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first_imgPage: “We actually purchase all of the contents in Russia with handmade stockings from here. The churches in Russia stuff each of the stockings for the children.” Dick Page with SOAR: “We saw that the orphans had nothing, and most of those kids had never even received a gift in their life. It was just a real compelling thing to be able to take them something, and to show them that there are people who care about them.” Residents can sponsor a stocking for $40 that will be filled with needed hygiene items, warm mittens & hat, snacks and other gifts for a child. Since 2002 SOAR has used the Stuff a Stocking project to share Christmas with children in need in Russia. SOAR is a faith based organization focused on providing a doorway for local Russian churches to begin and cultivate relationships with orphanages in their region.center_img FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Across Russia, millions of children are in crisis and have never heard of Christmas. Residents on the Kenai Peninsula can offer some cheer this Christmas through the Stuff a Stocking project, reaching one child at a time through Service & Outreach Alaska to Russia (SOAR). If you’d like to donate or sponsor a stocking this holiday season you can visit the SOAR office at 140 Bidarka St. #1714 in Kenai, or call them at 907-283-1961.last_img read more