Psychedelic drugs such as LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), psilocybin and ketamine have been rediscovered by researchers in neuroscience and psychiatry. A recent review in the Journal of Psychopharmacology highlights the distinct therapeutic effects of psychedelics, as well as the current re-evaluation of their use in the treatment of addiction, anxiety in terminally ill patients, depression, cluster headaches and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).A psychedelic drug is a psychoactive drug whose primary action is to alter cognition and perception. Since the discovery of LSD in 1943, psychedelic drugs have been of major scientific interest. Despite clinical psychedelic research coming to a standstill in the mid-1970s (due to regulatory restrictions), an increase in methodological quality standards, neurobiological method and neuroimaging, as well as interest in the interest of the neurosciences in subjective experience, has meant a re-emergence of interest.The review by Tomislav Majić (Charité University Medicine, Berlin), Timo Schmidt (Free University Berlin) and Jürgen Gallinat (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf), looked at current clinical research and re-evaluated former and recent concepts of where and how psychedelic substances exert their therapeutic effects. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Email Pinterest LinkedIn Share Key findings included that ketamine is effective in the treatment of substance addiction, both through the psychedelic experiences and it’s enhancing of personal meaning and spiritual significance. Ketamine has also been used to produce short-term anti-depressive effects in major depression and bipolar disorder, through its altering of perception (It has also been proposed as a treatment option for affective disorders based on its pharmacological effects).LSD has been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of alcohol abuse when used in combination with therapy.Psilocybin, the main component of so-called magic mushrooms, has been recently shown to be effective in the treatment of anxiety in cancer patients, not by reducing pain, but by inducing feelings of strengthened rapport and relationships with close relatives and friends. Recent research has also highlighted the therapeutic use of LSD and psilocybin in treating cluster headaches. Interestingly, it was reported that the therapeutic effects appear to be completely independent of the psychedelic experience.The review reported converging evidence suggesting that serotonergic neurotransmission plays a key role in the mechanism of these psychedelic drugs – the neurotransmitter serotonin is thought to play an important role in the brain relating to mood, anxiety and happiness.The findings of the review concluded that psychedelic drugs are unique in the sense that they: have neurochemical and pharmacodynamics effects (e.g. in the treatment of depression and possibly OCD); support various types of psychotherapy (e.g. in the treatment of terminal illness); can be used to treat headaches or other pain syndromes; and they often result in spiritual experiences through which they can assist in therapy (e.g. in the treatment of substance addiction). Furthermore, in contrast to traditional psychiatric drugs, they are only to be taken once or a few times.The review highlights the potential for psychedelic drugs to be used in clinical settings, although more research is required to develop a deeper understanding of their therapeutic effects and how they work.
Mengacu Data Intelijen, AS dan Kanada Yakin Boeing 737 Ukraine International…,Terdeteksi Mabuk, Pramugari ANA Tunda Empat Penerbangan Secara Beruntun
Puing-puing dari Boeing 737-800 Ukraine International Airlines usai dirudal Iran. Foto: Business Insider Dugaan ditembak jatuhnya pesawat Ukraine International Airlines semakin menguat manakala Perdana Menteri Kanada, Justin Trudeau mengatakan bahwa bisa saja penembakan rudal tersebut tidak disengaja. Ujaran Justin ini didukung oleh laporan intelijen Kanada yang ia terima. Ya, pada Rabu (8/1) kemarin, pesawat Boeing 737-800 milik Ukraine International Airlines jatuh di Teheran, Iran tak lama berselang setelah pesawat tinggal landas. Pada insiden ini, sebanyak 176 orang yang ada di dalam pesawat dinyatakan meninggal – dimana 63 diantaranya adalah warga negara Kanada.Baca Juga: Inilah Lima Spekulasi Jatuhnya Boeing 737-800 Ukraine International di Iran“Kami memiliki data dari berbagai sumber, termasuk dari sekutu dan intelijen kami sendiri. Data tersebut menunjukkan bahwa pesawat ditembak jatuh oleh rudal darat milik Iran,” ujar Justin, dilansir KabarPenumpang.com dari laman Reuters.com (9/1). Seolah mendukung pernyataan dari Justin, sebanyak tiga pejabat Amerika Serikat juga mengatakan bahwa Pemerintah Negeri Paman Sam percaya bahwa pihak Iran telah secara tidak sengaja menembak jatuh pesawat Ukraine International Airlines.Ditambah lagi dengan pernyataan Presiden Amerika Serikat, Donald Trump yang mengatakan bahwa dirinya tidak percaya bahwa pesawat Ukraine International Airlines jatuh karena masalah teknis.“Itu (insiden jatuhnya pesawat) adalah hal yang tragis. Tetapi seseorang bisa saja membuat kesalahan,” ujar Presiden Trump di hadapan wartawan di Gedung Putih.Justin juga mengatakan bahwa pihaknya tidak akan ‘beristirahat’ hingga mereka mendapatkan kejelasan, transparansi, akuntabilitas, dan keadilan dari insiden ini. Pada Kamis (9/1), seorang pejabat di Pemerintahan Amerika Serikat mengutip tinjauan luas terhadap data satelit dan pihak Washington menyimpulkan dengan sangat yakin bahwa pesawat Ukraine International jatuh akibat tembakan rudal – salah satu data yang dijadikan acuan adalah terdeteksinya heat signature dari dua rudal darat yang muncul tak lama berselang setelah pesawat tinggal landas.Baca Juga: Di Tengah Ketegangan Iran-AS, Boeing 737-800 Ukraine International Jatuh di IranKetika dikonfirmasi ke pihak Iran, juru bicara pemerintahan, Ali Rabiei menampik segala hipotesa yang beredar luas di publik – terutama yang menyudutkan pihak Iran.Namun jika pada akhirnya terbukti bahwa pesawat Ukraine International Airlines jatuh karena rudal darat milik Iran, berarti besar kemungkinan bahwa ini merupakan dampak dari meningkatnya ketegangan militer dengan Amerika Serikat. Sebagai informasi, pesawat nahas ini terbang beberapa saat setelah Iran melancarkan serangan rudal balistik ke basis militer AS di Irak.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… Related
At one point it seemed as if German football club FC Bayern Munich was poised to enter the esports industry, but a new report suggests those plans have been scrapped.According to German tabloid Bild.de, FC Bayern Munich’s president Ulrich “Uli” Hoeness has decided against the advanced plans to enter multiple esports titles.At one point, the football club wanted to invest as much as €5,000,000 (£4,397,899) into entering games such as League of Legends, Dota 2, and Fortnite. Nonetheless, Hoeness has vetoed these plans since he sees no correlation between esports and his team.Said talks around this entrance into esports have been present for two years, at least, when Bundesliga sides VfL Wolsburg and FC Schalke 04 made their mark in the industry. Despite these now-scrapped plans, Bayern’s basketball counterpart had fielded an NBA 2K roster under the guise of Bayern Ballers.This news has not been confirmed as of yet, it has merely been reported so it should be taken with a pinch of salt. It’s worth noting that it costs a lot more than the proposed investment to enter League of Legends alone should FC Bayern Munich have wanted to acquire a spot in the upcoming franchised-take on the EU LCS.Esports Insider says: We can’t help but think this is a huge missed opportunity and a misstep from the German side should this report turn out to be truthful. With teams such as FC Barcelona recently entering the scene, and existing clubs still operating in multiple titles, it’d be a shame to see a club that’s the size of FC Bayern Munich deciding against entering esports.Sign up to our newsletter!
0Shares0000LONDON, England, May 21 – Outgoing Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson heads into retirement with the Premier League manager of the year award.Ferguson picked up the League Manager Association’s honour on Monday. At the reception the 71-year-old said he was relieved celebrations to mark his retirement were over.“It has been overwhelming,” he told the awards dinner in London 24 hours after his last match in charge of United, Sunday’s 5-5 draw at West Brom.“The club has been fantastic and congratulations to West Brom with the way they handled yesterday.In a way I am glad it is all over now – because it has been a very hard week.“I think (West Brom manager) Steve Clarke should get an award because anyone who scores five against United deserves it.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)